Thursday, September 28

Handmade Carpets- It is a perfect option


Handmade carpets, also known as hand-knotted carpets, are made using a specialized loom and manually knotted by hand. On the other hand, those made by machines make use of a power loom, which is automated and is currently largely controlled by computers.


Orientals Persians, the largest and most significant group, are one of the major classifications of Orientals based on where they were born; Carpets made in Central Asia, such as the Turkoman, Afghan, and Baluchistan, that are well-known and colorful; carpets from Caucasia and Transcaucasia with bold geometric patterns; the Turkish Anatolian group, whose designs are simpler than those of other Orientals; and the Chinese, Indian, and Pakistani group, which is frequently less long-lasting than the other types.


Probably the most important factor in the origin of carpets in the East was the availability of high-quality materials. Fibers derived from their camels, goats, and sheep were available to the nomads; Silk was produced in China, and cotton was grown in Persia and China. Wool was frequently utilized by nomadic carpet makers for both the pile and the warp and weft of a rug foundation fabric. Oriental rugs can be made from a variety of materials, but wool is the most important fiber for the pile, and cotton is usually used as the base and binder.


The ends of knotted tufts create the entire pile surface of knotted rugs. Between two warp yarns, the Ghiordes knot, also known as the Turkish knot, brings both tuft ends to the surface together. In the Middle East, particularly in Turkey and the Caucasus, it is prevalent. Each end of the tuft is brought to the surface separately by the Sehna, or Persian, knot. It is most common in Afghanistan, India, Pakistan, Turkestan, China, Central Asia, and the Far East. Depending on the tribe or town that is producing the rug, either knot is used in Iran.


The loom that is used is an upright model with a stable frame that is made up of two sturdy beams connected by two vertical posts. It can frequently be adjusted to weave rugs and carpets of varying sizes. By winding each completed row of knots onto a separate cloth beam or by using a seat that can be raised to move the weaver upward, the weaver is conveniently positioned about the row of knots being worked. The evenly spaced and regularly spun warp threads that are stretched lengthwise between the two beams guarantee that the pile that forms beneath the surface will also be even.


The weaver makes his rows of knots, which make up the pattern. When an entire row of the pile is knotted, a comb or knife forces the two, three, or four crosswise threads down, making the pile stand out. The density of the pile is about 300 knots per square inch, and a weaver completes approximately 8,000 square inches per day; an average carpet takes several weeks to make, while a more complicated one might take months. The instructions for weaving the desired pattern can be chanted by a Salim or written on a colored square-paper chart.